Editorial de Bloomberg: Arizona no Puede Argumentar un Aumento en las Tasas de Crimen en su Caso de Inmigración ante la Corte Suprema

Arizona tendrá su día en la corte. La Corte Suprema decidió esta semana para revisar las medidas represivas que el estado ha adoptado sobre la inmigración no autorizada. La Administración de Obama ha dicho que esto usurpa el papel del gobierno federal para aplicar las leyes de inmigración.

La Corte de Apelaciones de los Estados Unidos para el 9o Circuito en San Francisco había previamente acordado con la administración, bloqueando la aplicación de cuatro provisiones de la ley de Arizona, incluyendo su requisito que la policía local y estatal tenía que determinar el estatus migratorio de las personas que paran o detienen si la policía sospecha que no están autorizados para estar en el país. Este elemento de “papeles, por favor” de la ley ha sido ampliamente criticado pero emulado también, más recientemente por Alabama.

En su presentación ante la corte, el estado ha dicho que su frontera de 370 millas con México es una puerta de entrada para la mitad de los inmigrantes indocumentados en los Estados Unidos. Esto, el estado ha dicho, impone cargas únicas — tal como altas tasas de crimen y el costo de proveerle cuidado médico y educación a los inmigrantes indocumentados. “Arizona ha pedido reiteradamente al gobierno federal para una aplicación más vigorosa de las leyes de inmigración, pero ha sido en vano,” dice el escrito. Leer más…

NYT: Recall Election Claims Arizona Anti-Immigration Champion

“MESA, Ariz. — For years, Russell Pearce, Arizona’s most powerful legislator and the architect of its tough immigration law, has sought to make life so uncomfortable for illegal immigrants in the state that they pack up and go.

But Mr. Pearce, known for his gruff, uncompromising manner, was the one sent packing on Tuesday after disgruntled voters in this suburban neighborhood outside Phoenix banded together to recall him from the State Senate and replace him with a more moderate Republican.”  Read more …

Gotham Gazette: Bill Curtails City Role in Deportations

"With states such as Arizona and Alabama passing immigration laws that go far beyond those of the federal government, the New York City Council weighed in on the issue yesterday and took a decidedly different stand.

By an overwhelming majority, the council passed a bill sponsored by Melissa Mark-Viveritoof Manhattan that would end the Department of Correction's policy of cooperating with federal efforts to deport undocumented immigrants. The bill, said by supporters to be the first of its kind in the country, will end two decades of cooperation between the city jail system and federal immigration authorities, now called Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or ICE.

This bill, Intro 656, Mark-Viverito said shortly before its passage, 'sends a strong message we will no longer be complicit in this country's broken immigration system.'

City Council Speaker Christine Quinn cited another message as well. 'When signed by the mayor,' she said, 'the entire government of New York will send a message the city of New York is supportive of, friendly to and welcoming to immigrants.'"  Read more.

 

CNN: U.S. sues South Carolina over immigration law

CNN) – Justice Department officials pressed their campaign against an immigration law in South Carolina on Monday, saying the measure passed there this summer unconstitutionally pre-empts federal authority.

South Carolina's law also could lead to the harassment and detention of authorized visitors, immigrants and citizens, federal officials argue in court documents.

The law would 'undermine federal law and invade federal authority by imposing punitive sanctions for conduct that falls outside of the state's police powers and that Congress affirmatively decided should not be subject to such sanctions. And it will interfere with and undermine the federal government's control over relations with foreign governments,' officials argue, referring to the state trying to require the carrying of documents to prove residency.

The complaint filed in federal court in South Carolina follows similar lawsuits in Arizona and Alabama.  Read more …

 

NYT: 76 Arrested as Officials Break Up Mexico-to-Arizona Drug-Smuggling Ring

"PHOENIX — Law enforcement officials on Monday announced the breakup of a large drug-smuggling ring that used lookouts on hilltops in southern Arizona to move huge quantities of marijuana and other drugs across the Mexican border to users throughout the United States.

Over the last month and a half, federal, state and local officials have arrested 76 people, from organizational bosses to stash-house guards to those who transported the drugs in backpacks and in vehicles, the authorities said. All were linked to the Sinaloa cartel run by Joaquín Guzmán, Mexico’s richest and most wanted outlaw, who goes by the nickname El Chapo, officials said.

Speaking at a news conference on Monday, Arizona officials estimated that the ring had been in operation for at least five years and had generated more than $2 billion in profits by smuggling more than three million pounds of marijuana, 20,000 pounds of cocaine and 10,000 pounds of heroin into the United States. Such large smuggling rings usually use tractor-trailers to get their contraband across, the authorities said, but this operation relied mostly on migrants on foot straining under their loads."  Read more …